Posted on July 02, 2010 in Viewpoint with James Zogby
Air Date: July 1, 2010
Ronald E. Neumann, Former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan (2005-2007) and president of The American Academy of Diplomacy; Taghreed El-Kodary, Visiting Scholar, Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment For International Peace; Charles Kupchan, Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and author of the new book “How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace”.
Ronald E. Neumann, Former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan (2005-2007) and President of The American Academy of Diplomacy, discussed the war in Afghanistan and how a change in military leadership will affect U.S. objectives in the country. About the recent removal of General Stanley A. McChrystal and appointment General David Petraeus to command in Afghanistan, Neumann said, “I was quite concerned that any new person would need time to get up to speed, that we were under time pressures, that it was a terrible time to have a loss of momentum.” Neumann continued, though, he believes Patraeus “will bring new dynamism” to the campaign and is confident in his ability. Neumann continued with a discussion on the political landscape here in the U.S. as it relates to Afghanistan and analyzed regional issues exacerbated by the war.
Taghreed El-Kodary, Visiting Scholar, Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment For International Peace, discussed the Gaza blockade. Taghreed addressed many issues related to the blockade, which in recent moths has come under increasing scrutiny from the international community. Taghreed addressed the Israeli “easing” of the blockade-what many have dubbed a PR strategy created to mitigate criticism for the siege. “What’s happening now is more stuff coming from Israel.” she continued: “what people in Gaza need is an activation of the private sector.” Taghreed emphasized the need for building materials: “the moment you are allowed these construction materials into Gaza, more than 1/3 of the population will work the next day.” Taghreed spoke directly to a telling call from a man living in Gaza, who among other things, detailed the various issues Gazans face each day.
Charles Kupchan, Senior Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and author of the new book “How Enemies Become Friends: The Sources of Stable Peace”, discussed his book. Kupchan’s work looks at 20 diplomatic relations case studies dating all the way back through the 13th century and lays out models of interaction with one’s enemies, friends and potential allies. in this segments, Kupchan analyzed President Obama’s efforts to engage certain governments and regime including Russia and Iran. “In the cases that I looked at where friends try, but fail and they end up enemies it’s usually because of domestic blockage”, said Kupchan. In regards to Iran, Kupchan said it is not too late for engagement, and discussed the issues on that diplomatic front.