President Obama’s remarks at the UN General Assembly this past week reiterated America’s commitment to “international order” especially in Syria. He said that the United States is willing to work with nations, namely Iran and Russia to resolve the crisis in the region. Putin’s remarks later that day, however, reconfirmed Russia’s support of the Assad regime. With Russian military assistance, Putin says that Assad’s forces are the only ones truly fighting ISIL and other terrorist groups. Russia’s recent airstrikes in Homs, however do not fit this narrative, as ISIL does not have a presence in the city. A U.S. official said that Russia had “no strategic purpose” for yesterday’s airstrikes. Secretary of State John Kerry said that the U.S.-led coalition against ISIL would continue despite a warning from Russia to stay out of Syrian airspace. Kerry also warned that the fight against ISIL does not equate to American support of the Assad regime. According to Kerry, the U.S. has “grave concerns” when and if Russia strikes areas held by rebels or occupied by civilians. Russia’s latest military actions in Syria begs the question of their real intention for being in Syria—fighting ISIL or securing a strong military presence in the Middle East by supporting the Assad regime?