Last week, Senators Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and Ted Cruz (R-TX) introduced a resolution calling on the federal government to designate Antifa and its affiliates as domestic terrorist organizations. This led many within the media to ask, “Yeah, well what about violent white supremacists?” They’re right, white supremacist violence is a far greater threat than anything posed by Antifa, but responding to that threat with new counterterrorism measures, like a list of designated domestic terrorist organizations, is not the answer. Any time we consider providing the federal government with new powers, even when the intentions are good, we have to think about how those powers could be used against targeted or vulnerable communities. After all, we know the federal government has already used existing counterterrorism powers to surveil nonviolent groups exercising their constitutional rights, not to mention entire communities through programs like Countering Violent Extremism. With a track record like that, how can we know that additional powers won’t be used to further exacerbate existing inequalities?