Russian President Vladimir Putin announced last week that he would begin airstrikes in Syria against ISIL forces. Although Putin claims that Russia’s intentions are to weaken ISIL, he’s already being criticized for hitting targets that are “in fact the Syrian opposition groups fighting President Assad,” which could further heighten the conflict and potentially drive more recruits to ISIL. Known Russian airstrike locations are in predominately rebel-controlled territory, while others are in Syrian government-controlled areas and only a couple in ISIL territories. Russia is having a hard time staying within Syrian borders, too. On Sunday, a Russian fighter jet wandered into Turkish airspace for five minutes, which Russia admitted was a “mistake” caused by bad weather. Turkey spoke with Russia and made it clear that this mistake “would not happen again.” Only one day later it happened again. On Monday, Syrian missile systems “were locked onto Turkish planes for more than four minutes” and another fighter jet was in Turkish airspace. As the second largest contributor of troops to NATO, Turkey no longer sees these airspace violations as an accident. Russia is also preparing to send ground forces into Syria, causing NATO’s concern about Russian activity to grow even stronger. Russia claims it’s in Syria to exclusively combat ISIL, but their actions tell a different story.