Nearly a year ago to the day, President Obama announced that he would take executive action to reform immigration policy. In an effort to protect 4.3 million people from deportation, Obama said immigrants will be able to apply for a three-year work permit if they “arrived in the US before 2010… under the age of 16” or “arrived in the US before 2010, and have at least one child who is a US citizen or legal resident.” On Monday, the U.S. Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit denied the new reforms, saying “the president had exceeded his authority,” forcing him to appeal to the Supreme Court. The lawsuit was brought forward by Texas and 25 other states that would “have alleged an injury” by incurring “millions of dollars in costs to issue drivers' licenses to those covered by Obama's orders.” However, supporters of Obama’s actions say that the economic benefits of issuing legal work permits would outweigh the costs. The Court ruled that Obama “had exceeded his authority” in initiating these reforms, causing conservative Congressmen, particularly Republican presidential candidates, to criticize the President and explain their own views on immigration. Obama faces opposition in Congress—and now Court decisions—for actions taken because Congress did not act.