Following the deadly July 20 ISIL attack in the Kurdish majority town of Suruc along the Turkish-Syrian border, which left 32 dead, Turkey called for an extraordinary meeting of NATO under Article 4 of the organization's charter. This is only the fifth time such a meeting has taken place since the alliance's founding 66 years ago. Last week was particularly difficult for Turkey, ISIL forces also shot and killed a Turkish border guard, and the Kurdish separatist group PKK killed two Turkish police officers for what they perceived as Turkey – ISIL collaboration in the Suruc attack. By the end of the week Turkey deployed its F-16s for strikes against both ISIL and the PKK in Syria and Iraq; NATO has supported Turkey politically but there has, as yet, been no commitment of additional air or ground support. This week the U.S. agreed, after some consideration, to work with Turkey on a so-called "Safe Zone"—the UN advised against the term—stretching for 68 miles along the Syrian border and 40 miles into the embattled country. The U.S. has been clear that this zone will be a base for fighting ISIL and nothing more, while Turkey and the Syrian opposition hope to use it as staging ground to strike at the Assad regime. This could be the beginning of a more full-bodied military campaign necessary to crush ISIL…or perhaps, Turkish opportunism to ramp up strikes against the PKK, which could further destabilize the region.