In 2009, President Obama delivered his landmark speech in Cairo - a speech that was largely received with enthusiasm by an Arab world ready for a new era of U.S. policy. This poll looks at the major issues driving Arab attitudes toward the United States five years later in seven Arab countries. The poll examines Arab attitudes toward U.S. policy on the Syrian conflict, Egypt's interim government, negotiations with Iran, the two-state solution, and U.S. commitments to improving ties with the Arab World. Countries surveyed were Egypt, Jordan, KSA, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and UAE.
As Israelis and Palestinians look back at the 20 years that have elapsed since their leaders signed the Oslo Accords in Washington, there are areas where their perceptions sharply differ, others in which they find agreement, and a few areas where the attitudes of both communities are somewhat conflicted. The approach used for conducting the poll involved face-to-face, in-home personal interviews of 1,000 Israeli adults and 1,000 Palestinian adults during the month of August 2013. A multi-stage sampling methodology was employed for selection of respondents. The sample obtained was nationally representative and comprised adult males and females, who were 18+ years of age. Based on a confidence interval of 95%, the margin of error for 1,000 is +/- [3.2] percentage points.
This poll represents the third time since May 2013 that Zogby Research Services has conducted a nationwide survey of Egyptian public opinion. It has been a momentous and tumultuous time for Egypt. During this period our polling has opened a window, allowing us to better understand and track the Egyptian people’s changing attitudes toward developments as they unfold: how they view their government and institutions; areas of agreement and disagreement; and their hopes for the future. The approach used for conducting the poll involved 1,405 face-to-face, in-home personal interviews conducted September 16-28, 2013.
From August 4 through August 31, 2013, Zogby Research Services surveyed 3,031 Tunisian adults to determine their attitudes toward the developments that have unfolded in Tunisia since their revolution of two and a half years ago.
What we found was a deeply dissatisfied electorate and an extremely polarized society. In some ways the divisions in Tunisia are similar to those we found in Egypt, in the poll we conducted in May of 2013, just prior to the June 30th Tamarrod demonstrations that culminated in the military’s deposing the elected government of President Mohamed Morsi on July 3rd.
Egyptian Attitudes in the Post-Tamarrud, Post-Morsi Era
During the second half of July, 2013, Zogby Research Services (ZRS) conducted a nationwide face-to-face survey of 5,042 Egyptian adults in an effort to learn how they are reacting to developments in the post-Tamarrud, post-Morsi era, as well as their assessment of the U.S.-Egypt relationship. This survey is a follow-up to the ZRS poll of 5,029 Egyptian adults that had been completed in May, 2013.
From April 4 to May 12, 2013, we conducted an extensive nationwide poll of 5,029 Egyptian adults. We surveyed citizens in every area of the country from its southernmost part up into the Sinai.
With more than two years having passed since the downfall of the Mubarak government and almost one year into the presidency of Mohamed Morsi, we sought to learn how Egyptians assess their current situation, and the level of confidence they have in the current government and the country’s main political groupings and major institutions.
A report on a comprehensive survey of attitudes among Israeli Jews, Israeli Arabs, Palestinians in the Occupied Lands, Refugees in Lebanon, Refugees in Jordan, and Jewish Americans.
During the month of September, 2012, we conducted an extensive survey of public opinion with over 4,200 participants among: Israeli Jews and Arabs; Palestinians in the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem; Palestinian refugees in Lebanon and Jordan; and the American Jewish community. The polls were conducted exclusively for the Sir Bani Yas Forum. A surface review of the results establishes the enormous challenges confronting peacemaking efforts. Wide gaps separate Israeli Jewish and Palestinian opinion making it appear that, at present, no easy agreement can be reached on issues as fundamental as: the location of borders, the disposition of Israeli settlements and settlers, the resolution of the refugee issue, and the status of Jerusalem. Nevertheless a closer look at the data suggests a possible way forward.
Methodology Information for Arab Voices
The methodology information for the Zogby International surveys referenced in Arab Voices by Dr. James Zogby. Each survey was conducted using face‐to‐face interviews with respondents in major metropolitan areas identified through multi‐stage stratified sampling. All respondents were adults 18 and older. All surveys were conducted in Arabic or a local dialect. Margins of error are higher in sub‐groups.
During the month of September 2011, Zogby Research Services conducted surveys in Iraq, six other Arab countries, the United States, and Iran. AAI released three polls (Iraq; The War, Its Consequences & the Future; Poltical Concerns and Government; Social Media & the Arab Spring) on December 19, 2011.
Findings from this poll reveal no Arab support for the Syrian government and U.S. role viewed as negative.
This is an Arab American Institute poll with analysis by AAI President James Zogby. It was conducted between September 14 – October 3, 2011. Over 4,000 Arabs were surveyed, with a margin of error of +/- 3.5% in Morocco, Egypt, KSA; and +/- 4.5% in Lebanon, Jordan, UAE.
Arab Attitudes Toward Iran (2011)
Findings from part two of the the latest Arab American Institute six Arab nations poll show real concern with Iran’s current and future role in the region.
The poll surveys six Arab nations’ attitudes towards Iran and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) issues. The key finding is that a substantial majority of Arabs believe that Iran plays a negative role in both Iraq and the Arab Gulf region. Conducted during the first three weeks of June by Zogby International, over 4,000 Arabs were surveyed, with a margin of error of +/- 3.5% in Morocco, Egypt, KSA; and +/- 4.5% in Lebanon, Jordan, UAE.
With the 2008 election of Barack Obama, favorable attitudes toward the U.S. more than doubled in many Arab countries. But in the two years since his famous “Cairo speech,” ratings for both the U.S. and the President have spiraled downwards. The President is seen overwhelmingly as failing to meet the expectations set during his speech, and the vast majority of those surveyed disagree with U.S policies.
In five out of the six countries surveyed, the U.S. was viewed less favorably than Turkey, China, France—or Iran. Far from seeing the U.S. as a leader in the post-Arab Spring environment, the countries surveyed viewed “U.S. interference in the Arab world” as the greatest obstacle to peace and stability in the Middle East, second only to the continued Palestinian occupation.
Results for this survey are based on face-to-face interviews conducted under the direction of Zogby International. All surveys are based on urban samples except in Lebanon where the sample was nationwide.
The tables show the margin of sampling error based on all interviews conducted in that country. For results based on the full sample in a given country, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus the margin of error. In addition to sampling error, one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinion polls.
Arab Voices Book Survey (2010)
Summary of survey data used in Arab Voices: What They Are Saying to Us, and Why it Matters.
On Attitudes toward President Obama and the United States: Since President Barack Obama’s election, there has been a change in Arab attitude toward the United States. In Saudi Arabia (KSA), the UAE, Lebanon and Morocco, over 50 percent of the public polled say their attitude toward the United States is more positive as a result of Barack Obama being elected President. In Jordan and Egypt, a majority remains neutral with only about one-in-four saying their attitude has changed for the better. The UAE, however, is the only Arab country where a majority of respondents hold a favorable opinion of the United States overall.
6 Nation Survey of the Middle East: Arab Broadcast Forum (2008)
Results for this survey are based on face-to-face interviews conducted under the direction of Zogby International. All surveys are based on urban samples except in Lebanon where the sample was nationwide.
The tables show the margin of sampling error based on all interviews conducted in that country. For results based on the full sample in a given country, one can say with 95% confidence that the error attributable to sampling and other random effects is plus or minus the margin of error. In addition to sampling error, one should bear in mind that question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of opinions polls.
Arab Views of Leadership, Identity, Institutions and Issues of Concern (2007)
All fieldwork in this survey was conducted between November 1, 2007 and December 25, 2007 in the following nations (dates vary slightly by country).
Four Years Later: Arab Opinion Troubled By Consequences of Iraq War (2007)
Four years after the start of the US-led war in Iraq, the Arab world is deeply worried about the consequences of that conflict. Of particular concern is the degree to which the war has emboldened neighboring Iran and the heightened danger that Iraq, as a country, may unravel in a civil war that could spill over into the broader region.
These are a few of the highlights of the Zogby International (ZI)/Arab American Institute (AAI) poll conducted between February 26 and March 10, 2007. The poll, which surveyed 3,400 Arabs in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, UAE and Lebanon, had a margin of error of +/-3.5% in Egypt and Saudi Arabia and +/- 4.1% in Jordan, the UAE and Lebanon.
House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on International Organizations, Human Rights, and Oversight, and Subcommittee on Middle East and Asia
Arab Opinion on American Policies, Values and People
For the past five years we at Zogby International have had the opportunity to poll regularly and extensively in countries across the Arab world. Some of our polls that have generated the greatest attention have been those that have focused on what Arabs think about America: our people, products, values, and our policies that affect their region. Equally significant, however, have been our groundbreaking surveys of Arab values, concerns, expectations, and needs.
5 Nation Survey of the Middle East (2006)
Continuing Conflict in Iraq and Palestine Deepens U.S.-Arab Rift with Growing Costs to Both Sides
Results of the 2006 AAI/Zogby International poll in 5 Arab countries show:
- Overall Arab attitudes toward U.S. have worsened; negative attitudes have hardened
- Attitudes toward U.S. policies in Iraq and Palestine are to blame
- Attitudes toward American values, people and culture have declined as well
- Uncertainty resulting from these two conflicts has significantly dampened Arab confidence in prospects for economic development and political stability
Arab Business Council: 6-Nation Survey (2006)
Impact of Events on Economic Development
Impact of Events on Political Stability
Better Off/Worse Off: vs. 4 Years Ago & vs. 4 Years From Now
Reform, Opportunity and Issues
Arab Gulf Business Leaders Look to the Future (2006)
Significant developments are taking place in the Arab Gulf region. Dramatic increases in oil revenues have spurred what some are calling an “Arab Renaissance,” with record construction, investment, and growth observed in many of the area’s countries. At the same time, some of the region’s governments have taken new initiatives aimed at liberalizing their economies and, in varying degrees, their political systems. All of these positives, however, are occurring against the backdrop of worrisome destabilizing developments, some in the broader region and others in the Gulf itself.
Poll Shows Bases for Unity in Lebanon (2005)
Despite deep differences, which continue to divide the so-called “opposition” and “loyalist” movements in Lebanon, there are some important areas of agreement that could form the basis for national unity and democratic reform in that country. This is one of the initial findings of a new Zogby International/Information International poll taken in Lebanon during the second week of April 2005.
Rafic Hariri Assassination (2005)
The continuing signs of ferment in evidence in the streets of Beirut are being heralded in the US as signs that “another Middle East domino is falling.” The Bush Administration has been quick to latch on to the demonstrations as a validation of the President’s democracy campaign.
But as horrific as the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri was and as inspiring as the mass mobilization of the “cedar revolution” has been, the demonstrations don’t tell the whole story of what is happening in Lebanon today. A recent poll of 1,250 Lebanese, representing all religious groupings in the country, establishes that while an emerging consensus exists on some questions, on several key issues a deep sectarian divide still plagues the country. And these issues must be tended to if Lebanon’s unity and internal security are to be insured. The poll was conducted during the last week in February 2005 by a Lebanese polling firm, Information International, in conjunction with Zogby International.
Attitudes of Arabs (2005)
An In-Depth Look at Social and Political Concerns of Arabs
Arabs are looking more inward today, focusing on issues close to home and self-identifying more with their countries. And despite concerns with employment, most Arabs are quite optimistic about their future. These are some of the results of a new Zogby International poll conducted in the last half of October 2005. Commissioned by Young Arab Leaders, a Dubai based group, but supported, as well, by the Arab American Institute, the poll surveyed 3,900 Arabs from Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Lebanon, and Jordan.
Arabs Want Reform, U.S. Help in Solving Israel-Palestine Crisis (2004)
A new survey commissioned by the Arab American Institute of Arab public opinion asked respondents to evaluate the importance of ten different reform issues and then to indicate how helpful they felt the U.S. could be in assisting their countries achieve each of those reforms. The poll surveyed attitudes of 2,600 adult Arabs in Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, and the United Arab Emirates and was conducted by Zogby International.
Respondents listed the following issues as most important in rank order: expanding employment, settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, improving healthcare, and increasing access to education. Internal reform including curbing extremism and expanding civil rights were of moderate importance while democratic reform, women's rights, and increasing political debate were at the bottom of the list.
In June 2004, Zogby International surveyed almost 3,300 Arabs living in Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Lebanon, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt.
The poll was commissioned by the Arab American Institute as a follow-up to the 2002 “Impressions of America” study. Questions in this second “Impressions of America” poll focused on how Arabs view America and how Arabs learn about America.
The First Poll of Iraqi Public Opinion (2003)
Zogby International conducted interviews of 600 adults chosen at random with consideration of ethnic backgrounds, gender, religion and social class, throughout locations in Iraq. Interviews were conducted August 3-19, 2003 in Basra, Karkouk, Mousel and Al Ramadi. The ethnic groups (Arabs, Kurds, Turkaman, and Assyrians) were interviewed, in addition to the religious groups (Shiaa, Sunni and Christians). Interviewers traveled to public places (shopping areas and coffee shops) chosen from different social neighborhoods. The survey's margin of sampling error is +/- 4.1%.
Ten Nation Impressions of America (2002)
In the aftermath of the September 11 attacks, Americans became painfully aware of the gap in understanding between our world and much of the Arab world. Front page headlines and newsmagazine cover stories asked “why do they hate us?’ Pundits and scholars across the ideological spectrum offered answers that ranged from the serious to the silly. Some suggested that the behavior of the attackers was not aberrant, but characteristic of Islam and its followers. They suggested that the West and Islam are not only different, but are inevitably headed toward a clash. Others suggested that “they” hate our democratic values, our superpower status, our wealth, and our people. Still others noted that it was our policy of unquestioning support for Israel, our denial of Palestinian rights, and our collaboration with authoritarian regimes in the Middle East that was behind “their” alienation from “us”.
Arabs: What They Believe and What They Value Most (2002)
The idea for this study came during a conversation with a prominent Arab thinker. We were discussing the profound gap in understanding between the U.S. and the Arab world that had become so painfully apparent following Sept. 11, 2001. We noted how, in an effort to bridge this gap, the U.S. had launched a public diplomacy campaign to help the Arab world better understand the American reality and the American people.
Arab Broadcasters Raise the Bar - May 07, 2007
Gulf Business Leaders: Optimistic but Concerned - March 6, 2006
What Arabs Think About Other Countries in the World - December 9, 2002
What Do Arabs Think About? - November 4, 2002
Measuring Arab Public Opinion - July 30, 2001
Israeli Attitudes Towards Sharon, Israel, Arabs and Peace - May 21, 2001
Israeli Voters and Peace - February 5, 2001
U.S.-Lebanon Relationship: The Rebuilding That Must Be Done - September 6, 1999
Arab States Gain in U.S. Public Opinion - February 22, 1999
The Arab American Vote, 2012
New polling on Arab American voters in 2012* shows a continuing shift away from the Republican Party, a 15% drop in support for President Obama from 2008 voters, and a growing independent base.
The Arab American Institute commissioned Zogby International to conduct a telephone poll of 404 Arab Americans nationwide. Samples were randomly drawn over national cds using Zogby International's list of Arab surnames. Zogby International surveys employ sampling strategies in which selection probabilities are proportional to population size within area codes and exchanges. Up to six calls are made to reach a sampled phone number. Cooperation rates are calculated using one of AAPOR’s approved methodologies and are comparable to other professional public opinion surveys conducted using similar sampling strategies.2 Weighting by country of origin, religion, born in US, age, party, gender is used to adjust for non-response. The margin of error is +/- 5.0 percentage points. Margins of error are higher in sub-groups.
On Monday, May 18, 2009 commentators John Zogby, President and CEO of Zogby International, and James Zogby, President of the Arab American Institute, joined respondent Amjad Atallah and moderator Farah Stockman to discuss the results of a recent poll that reveals a deep partisan divide over the path towards Middle East peace.
Zogby International conducted an omnibus telephone poll of Arab Americans nationwide between September 8th and September 13th, 2008.
The 2008 Election: The Arab American Vote
Zogby International conducted an omnibus telephone poll of likely Arab American voters between October 10 and october 15, 2008.
The target sample is 504 interviews with approximately 41 questions asked. Samples are randomly drawn over national congressional districts using Zogby International's list of Arab surnames in conjunction with a purchased surname list. Zogby International surveys employ sampling strategies in which selection probabilities are proportional to population size within area codes and exchanges.
Defining the Arab American Vote (2007)
A plurality of Arab Americans identify as Democrats (39%) while over a quarter identify as Republicans (26%), and 28% say they are independent. The Democratic Party receives a plurality of support across all demographic subgroups, especially young, Catholic, and Orthodox voters.
In 2002, Americans for Peace Now (APN) and the Arab American Institute (AAI) commissioned Zogby International (ZI) to conduct the first ever side-by-side poll of Jewish and Arab American public opinion to gauge support within both communities for Arab-Israeli peace. With the region's political landscape significantly altered since the first poll was conducted—including the US war in Iraq, Israel's disengagement fromGaza, Hamas' victory in Palestinian legislative elections, and the 2006 Israel-Lebanon war—APN and AAI commissioned ZI in May 2007 to reexamine Jewish and Arab American public opinion.
The Arab American Vote in 2004
Poll of Arab American Voters in Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Florida
Zogby International interviewed 500 Arab American registered voters, who had indicated a likelihood of voting on November 2. The poll has a margin of error of +/_ 4.5%. The voters came from four states (MI, OH, PA, FL), reflecting the overall demographic profile of the national Arab American community.
This survey was conducted by Zogby International. The Jewish American segment was completed on 7/6/03 and totaled 503 individuals. The Arab American segment was completed on 7/9/03 and totaled 500 individuals. In both samples, the margin of error was +/- 4.5%.
In May 2002, the Arab American Institute Foundation (AAIF) commissioned a survey of Arab American attitudes and behavior since September 11. The May survey is compared to a similar
poll commissioned by AAIF in October 2001, in the immediate aftermath of the terror attacks. On some variables a three-way comparison is made, including findings of a survey of Arab American attitudes taken in 2000.
Arab Americans are proud and committed Americans, who give strong support to President Bush's efforts to combat the terrorists who struck the United States. At the same time, Arab Americans are very concerned about the backlash that occurred after the September 11 terrorist attacks.The community, however, has remained committed to its beliefs and heritage.
These are some of the results of a Zogby International (ZI) poll of Arab American attitudes commissioned by the Arab American Institute (AAI).The ZI/AAI poll surveyed 508 randomly selected Arab Americans from October 6-8 and had a margin of error of +4.5%.The poll results can be grouped under three main headings.
What Ethnic Americans Really Think (2001)
We begin with a simple observation—America is a complex society. We are a nation of many diverse groups, each with different backgrounds and experiences. We do not all see life and its many issues in the same way. Shaped by our unique perspectives, we have a variety of beliefs and attitudes. For some of us, our race, ethnicity or religion is a determining factor that molds our general outlook or our views on specific issues. For others, it may be our income, education or age. On some issues, we make different assessments based on our gender or our marital status.
Arab Americans: Issues, Attitudes and Views (2000)
Until recently, the establishment of Arab Americans as an organized political constituency had been, for the most part, in a formative process. This year, however, Arab Americans have arrived as an independent-minded and highly motivated political force with a common agenda.
The Arab American Vote: 1996, 2000, 2002
Zogby International surveyed 500 Arab American voters during the last week of October 2002. The poll, commissioned by the Arab American Institute, has a margin of error of +/-4.5%.
The U.S. and the World - January 7, 2002
New Poll Shows Damage Done - December 24, 2001
U.S.-Lebanon Relationship: The Rebuilding That Must Be Done - September 6, 1999
Conducted on June 27-29, 2014, American Attitudes Toward Arabs and Muslims, provides a crictical update on the Arab American Institute's polling in 2010 and 2012 tracking identical issues.
American Attitudes Toward Egypt and the Muslim Brotherhood (July 2013 Update)
Today, among Americans, Egypt has a 26% favorable rating and a 46% unfavorable rating. Favorable ratings are down from 36% when Zogby last polled likely US voters in February of 2013. Today, the Muslim Brotherhood’s favorable ratings are at an all-time low, 11%. In 1993, Egypt had a 64% favorable rating.
American Attitudes Toward Egypt and the Muslim Brotherhood (2013)
For most of the past two decades, American opinion of Egypt has been overwhelmingly favorable. In the 1990’s attitudes were almost four to one favorable—with positive ratings in the 60% range. Today, however, only 36% of Americans have a favorable view of the country. And, in our most recent poll, almost one-half of Americans have a negative view of Egypt, a significant rise even since our January 2012 poll.
New polling on American attitudes toward the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict shows sharp differences in opinion between political parties and age groups.
Conducted on August 15th and 16th, 2012, The American Divide: How We View Arabs and Muslims, surveys American attitudes toward Arabs, Muslims and eleven other groups and religions. Among other things, the poll highlights a sharp generational and partisan divide with respect to views on Arabs and Muslims. In 2010 - in the wake of the Park 51 controversy, AAI conducted a similar poll on views toward Arabs and Muslims. The data extracted from both polls indicates that anti-Arab and anti-Muslim political rhetoric has taken a toll on American public opinion, especially along age and party lines.
U.S. Attitudes Toward Egypt (2012)
JZ Analytics was commissioned by New York University (Abu Dhabi) to conduct an online survey of American attitudes toward Egypt. Conducted in January 2012, the poll shows continued turmoil in Egypt, the behavior of the military authority (SCAF), and questions about the Muslim Brotherhood's new leadership role have dramatically altered U.S. perceptions of Egypt.
More than four-in-five Americans (81%) agree the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has a negative impact on U.S. interests, including a majority of both Democrats (88%) and Republicans (77%), a new Arab American Institute/Zogby Interactive survey finds. While Americans agree the conflict has a negative impact, they are split about how to deal with the situation. Fifty percent of Americans agree the Obama Administration should steer a middle course in pursuing peace in the Middle East.
Zogby International was commissioned by Dr. James Zogby to conduct an online survey of 2100 adults. A sampling of Zogby International's online panel, which is representative of the adult population of the US, was invited to participate. Slight weights were added to region, party, age, race, religion, gender, education to more accurately reflect the population. The margin of error is +/- 2.2 percentage points. Margins of error are higher in sub-groups. The MOE calculation is for sampling error only.
Attitudes of U.S Voters Toward Saudi Arabia (2003)
Poll surveys American opinion on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, compares data from similar surveys done in past years.
Zogby International conducted interviews of 1,005 likely voters chosen at random, nationwide. Conducted from April 2 to 4, the poll surveyed opinion on the Arab Israel conflict. Margin of error is +/- 3.2%.
American voters are demonstrating an increasingly favorable attitude toward Arab countries. Commissions by Abu Dhabi Television and AAI the poll interviewed 1012 randomly selected U.S. voters from December 18 to 21, 2000. The poll has a margin of error of +/- 3.2%.
American voters support the implementation of Palestinian rights in any future Middle East peace agreement. A survey of 890 likely voters nation-wide shows 66 percent of Americans support the Palestinians right to independent statehood - with only 13 percent opposed.
On April 3, 1998, 81 U.S. Senators (out of 100) sent a letter to U.S. President Bill Clinton insisting that he not use public pressure against Israel in an effort to break the impasse in the Middle East peace process.
A recent poll of U.S. voters, however, demonstrates that this one-sided view held by the U.S. Congress is totally out of touch with U.S. public opinion on Middle East issues.
The poll, commissioned by Al Majallah Magazine and the Arab American Institute (AAI) of Washington, D.C., was conducted by the New York firm of Zogby International. From April 19 to April 22 1998 the Al Majallah/AAI poll interviewed 969 randomly selected U.S. voters. The poll’s findings have a margin of error of +- 3.3 percent.
U.S. Public Opinion is overwhelmingly decided that Israel Should "stop building the new settlement (at Jabal Abu Ghnaim) and restart peace talks with the Palestinians. This poll was conducted for As Sharq Al Awsat and AAI by Zogby International.
The AAI Poll conducted by the John Zogby Group of New York was the first such survey of U.S. public opinion attitudes towards the status of Jerusalem. The poll surveyed 900 registered voters from July 17 to 20, 1995 and had a margin of error of +/- 3.3%
Arab and U.S. Public Opinion Show Similar Concerns on Iraq War - April 09, 2007