This past week, AAI held a briefing with the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) and Brennan Center for Justice on domestic terrorism that specifically focused on hate crimes. Our briefing reflected a view that Attorney General Loretta Lynch accurately summarized when she stated, “hate crimes are the original domestic terrorism.” Our panelists agreed that while it is critical for our government to combat all forms of violence, more needs to be done to address hate crimes, criminal prosecutions, and thousands of unresolved criminal cases. In fact, our panelists noted that one way to “counter violent extremism” is to prosecute and convict criminals, whether they have committed hate rimes or other acts of violence, including terrorism. As members of Congress seek to tackle the threat posed by domestic terrorism, there are three important recommendations our panelists provided. First, research on domestic terrorism must focus on methodology, as opposed to ideology. Second, conduct better oversight of ineffective programs such as the NSEERS or SPOT programs. Congress should consider calling for a GAO investigation regarding the efficacy of CVE before an office is created. Third, ensure that all levels of law enforcement are provided better hate crimes training. If Congress truly wants to “counter violent extremism” then we must rely on traditional criminal prosecution practices, not politicized research studies.